Enjoy our recap of articles from the blog this week.
by Kim Rendfeld
by Alison Morton
|British Library, MS 42130|
|British Library, MS 42130|
|Biblioteque National de France|
|Isca Dumnoniorum Castrum|
|Display of pottery and glassware, Exeter Museum|
|Display of military clips, ties and buckles, Exeter museum|
|The excavated amphitheatre|
|Mosaic and pottery finds, Roman National Legion Museum|
|Prysg Field Barracks|
|Saint Chad, with Peada and Wulfhere at Lichfield Cathedral |
(by Sjwells53, CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL,
via Wikimedia Commons)
|From Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911 |
(public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
|Castor (By John Salmon, CC BY-SA 2.0, |
via Wikimedia Commons)
|Edward VI's Devise for the Succession|
What I am loving subjects, ye know your Queen, to whom, at my coronation, ye promised allegiance and obedience, I was then wedded to the realm, and to the laws of the same, the spousal ring whereof I wear here on my finger, and it never has and never shall be left off.
I cannot tell how naturally a mother loveth her children, for I never had any, but if the subjects may be loved as a mother doth her child, then assure yourselves that I, your sovereign lady and your Queen, do earnestly love and favour you. I cannot but think you love me in return; and thus, bound in concord, we shall be able, I doubt not, to give these rebels a speedy overthrow.
I am neither so desirous of wedding, nor so precisely wedded to my will, that I needs must have a husband. Hitherto I have lived a virgin, and I doubt not, with God's grace, to live still. But if, as my ancestors have done, it might please God that I should leave you a successor to be your governor, I trust you would rejoice thereat; also, I know it would be to your comfort.
|One of the Neolithic houses at Barnhouse. Photo: Martin McCarthy (licensed under GNU).|
|Neolithic carved stone balls, Kelvingrove Art Gallery & Museum, Glasgow Photo: Johnbod (licensed under CCA).|
|The Midhowe chambered cairn. Photo: Lawrence Jones (licensed under CCA).|
|Plan of the Midhowe chambered cairn, showing the position of burial deposits. Image: Fantoman400 (licensed under CCA).|
|The chambered cairn of Taversoe Tuick. Photo: Colin Smith (licensed under CCA). The entrance shown leads into the lower tomb.|
|The passage of the lower tomb at Taversoe Tuick (Photo: Stephen McKay (licensed under CCA).|
|The junction between the upper and lower tombs at Taversoe Tuick. Photo: Stephen McKay (licensed under CCA).|
|Plan of the chambered cairn of Taversoe Tuick. Image: www.aroundrousay.co.uk.|
|Neolithic pottery ("Unstan Ware") from Taversoe Tuick. Image: Fantoman400 (licensed under CCA).|
|Diagram of a segmentary lineage society (adapted from E.E. Evans-Pritchard).|
|Copy of a painting by Francois Bunel|
'There will the Devil meet me, like an old cuckold, with horns on his head.'
|The Contented Cuckold 1673 - British Museum|
'at Horn Fair, a party of humorists of both sexes (query, of either sex) cornuted in all the variety of bull-feather fashion, after perambulating round Cuckold’s Point, startled the little quiet village of Charlton on St. Luke’s Day, shouting their emulation, and blowing voluntaries on rams’ horns, in honour of their patron saint.'In this 18th century etching from the British Museum below, we can see 'a riotous scene in a country village where a shrewish wife and hen-pecked husband are mocked by their neighbours in procession. The couple ride on one horse, the man facing the tail, preceded by another man on horseback who throws grain from a pannier to the crowd. Further to the right, cuckold's horns in the form of a stag's head, a ram's head and a cow's head are held aloft, the latter attached to a woman's shift, and "rough music" is played on pots and pans. In the background, is a river and a similar procession takes place on the far bank.
|Skimmington-Triumph, Or the Humours of Horn Fair|
'Charleton, a village famous, or rather infamous for the yearly collected rabble of mad-people, at Horn-Fair; the rudeness of which I cannot but think, is such as ought to be suppressed, and indeed in a civiliz’d well govern’d nation, it may well be said to be unsufferable. The mob indeed at that time take all kinds of liberties, and the women are especially impudent for that day; as if it was a day that justify’d the giving themselves a loose to all manner of indecency and immodesty, without any reproach, or without suffering the censure which such behaviour would deserve at another time.'Every visitor to the fair wore a pair of horns, or carried one, and horns were tied above the gate, around the fences and over the stalls. Even the gingerbread men for sale had horns. The fair was a great excuse for licentiousness in all forms and this no doubt led to its great popularity.
‘And when they reach Cuckold’s Point they make a gallant show.Cuckold’s Point also features in the play Eastward Ho by Ben Jonson. This scene epitomises the idea of putting up cuckold's horns to let a man know his wife was being unfaithful.
Their wives bid the Musick play Cuckolds All In A Row.’
Enter SLITGUT with a pair of ox-horns, discovering Cuckold’s Haven.Censure and Closure of the Horn Fair
SLIT: All hail, fair haven of married men only! for there are none but married men cuckolds. For my part, I presume not to arrive here but in my master’s behalf, a poor butcher of Eastcheap, who sends me to set up, in honor of Saint Luke, these necessary ensigns of his homage. And up I got this morning, thus early, to get up to the top of this famous tree, that is all fruit and no leaves, to advance this crest of my master’s occupation.'
|Charlton Horn Fair - Victorian era|
copyright English Heritage
Osvaldo batista de Medieros, Creative Commons, via Wikimmedia Commons
|Marie Stuart, Queen of Scots|
|Dunrobin Castle, seat of Highland Clan Sutherland|